A Comparative Analysis of the Impact of Audiovisual and Leaflets through Whatsapp as Oral Health Promotion Media on Adolescents' Knowledge of Oral Health
Introduction: Health promotion involves empowering individuals to take charge of and enhance their own health. It encompasses a variety of strategies and communication channels aimed at delivering educational messages to the target audience. Audiovisual media refers to mediums that present both visual images and audio simultaneously. Visual media employs captivating visuals to engage and hold the attention of students while conveying information. WhatsApp is a social media platform that facilitates the exchange of various forms of messages and information, including videos and images. According to a survey by the Indonesian Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (Kominfo), 83% of the 171 million internet users in Indonesia utilize WhatsApp.
Objectives: The objective of this research was to determine the use of audiovisual and online leaflets through whatsapp on Adolescents' Knowledge of Oral Health.
Methods: The research method used in this study was of an experimental analytical nature, employing a two-group posttest-only design. These two groups comprised the audiovisual group, which was provided with video-based materials, and the online leaflets group, which was presented with content through posters. The research sample consisted of 100 respondents who were given materials on dental and oral health, along with a posttest questionnaire. The posttest scores were subsequently analyzed using the Mann-Whitney test..
Results: The research findings indicated that the significance value of the Mann-Whitney test was 0.009, signifying that it had a p-value of <0.05. This indicates that there was a significant difference between the posttest scores of the online leaflets media and the posttest scores of the audiovisual media.
Conclusions: The research's conclusion was that audio-visual media proved to be more effective than online leaflets media as a means of health promotion.
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